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Медицинская визуализация

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Предикторы возникновения послеоперационной фибрилляции предсердий

https://doi.org/10.24835/1607-0763-937

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Аннотация

Цель обзора: изучить предикторы возникновения послеоперационной фибрилляции предсердий (ПОФП), эффективные способы прогнозирования и лечения по данным анализа мировых литературных данных.

В настоящее время ПОФП считается одним из наиболее частых среди всех сердечно-сосудистых осложнений и развивается в 30–65% случаев у пациентов после операций на сердце. В последние десятилетия частота ПОФП постоянно увеличивалась, несмотря на достижения хирургии и анестезиологии. ПОФП является значимым осложнением, влияющим на течение послеоперационного периода и требующим особого внимания, так как приводит к более длительному пребыванию в стационаре, увеличивает затраты, необходимые для лечения пациентов данной категории, а также может привести к смерти. Учитывая последствия ПОФП, было проведено много исследований для выявления факторов, связанных с патофизиологией фибрилляции предсердий и позволяющих разрабатывать профилактические меры, направленные на лечение пациентов с повышенным риском, минимизировать побочные эффекты антиаритмических препаратов. Представлен обзор и анализ мировой литературы, посвященный причинам, профилактике и лечению ПОФП. 

Об авторах

М. Кадырова
ФГБУ “Национальный медицинский исследовательский центр хирургии им. А.В. Вишневского” Минздрава России
Россия

канд. мед. наук, старший научный сотрудник отделения рентгенологии и магнитно-резонансных исследований с кабинетом УЗ-диагностики,

117997 Москва, ул. Бол. Серпуховская, 27



Ю. А. Степанова
ФГБУ “Национальный медицинский исследовательский центр хирургии им. А.В. Вишневского” Минздрава России
Россия

доктор мед. наук, ученый секретарь,

117997 Москва, ул. Бол. Серпуховская, 27



М. С. Гринберг
ФГБУ “Национальный медицинский исследовательский центр хирургии им. А.В. Вишневского” Минздрава России
Россия

младший научный сотрудник отделения рентгенологии и магнитно-резонансных исследований с кабинетом УЗ-диагностики,

117997 Москва, ул. Бол. Серпуховская, 27



В. Ю. Рагузина
ФГБУ “Национальный медицинский исследовательский центр хирургии им. А.В. Вишневского” Минздрава России
Россия

ординатор по специальности “лучевая диагностика и лучевая терапия»,

117997 Москва, ул. Бол. Серпуховская, 27



Е. С. Малышенко
ФГБУ “Национальный медицинский исследовательский центр хирургии им. А.В. Вишневского” Минздрава России
Россия

научный сотрудник отделения кардиохирургии,

117997 Москва, ул. Бол. Серпуховская, 27



В. С. Широков
ФГБУ “Национальный медицинский исследовательский центр хирургии им. А.В. Вишневского” Минздрава России
Россия

117997 Москва, ул. Бол. Серпуховская, 27



В. А. Попов
ФГБУ “Национальный медицинский исследовательский центр хирургии им. А.В. Вишневского” Минздрава России
Россия

доктор мед. наук, профессор, заведующий Центром сердечно-сосудистой хирургии,

117997 Москва, ул. Бол. Серпуховская, 27



А. Ш. Ревишвили
ФГБУ “Национальный медицинский исследовательский центр хирургии им. А.В. Вишневского” Минздрава России
Россия

академик РАН, доктор мед. наук, профессор, директор,

117997 Москва, ул. Бол. Серпуховская, 27



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Для цитирования:


Кадырова М., Степанова Ю.А., Гринберг М.С., Рагузина В.Ю., Малышенко Е.С., Широков В.С., Попов В.А., Ревишвили А.Ш. Предикторы возникновения послеоперационной фибрилляции предсердий. Медицинская визуализация. 2021;25(1):94-116. https://doi.org/10.24835/1607-0763-937

For citation:


Kadyrova M., Stepanova Yu.A., Grinberg M.S., Raguzina V.Yu., Malyshenko E.S., Shirokov V.S., Popov V.A., Revishvili A.S. Predictors of postoperative atrial fibrillation. Medical Visualization. 2021;25(1):94-116. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.24835/1607-0763-937

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